Urologists are specialists who diagnose, treat and monitor disorders that affect the male and female urinary tracts and the male reproductive organs. Urologists are also highly trained surgeons who use surgery and medications as part of their comprehensive treatment of men and women with urological problems.
Organs of the male and female urinary tract that urologists treat include the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra.
Organs of the male reproductive system that urologists treat include the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis.
Common concerns that may be treated by a urologist:
- Urinary incontinence and retention
- Overactive bladder
- Recurring urinary tract infections
- Enlarged prostate
- Interstitial cystitis (painful bladder syndrome)
- Kidney stones
- Bladder stones
- Sexual dysfunction
- Cancers throughout the urinary tract (kidney, bladder, prostate and testicular cancers)
Depending on your health concern, your urologist may work with a physician from another medical specialty to coordinate your medical care. (For example, if you are being treated for cancer, your urologist may work with a medical oncologist or a radiation oncologist to treat your condition.)